k8s部署---node节点组件部署(四)

  • 作者:zccc
  • 来源:网络
  • 2020-09-23 12:03:09

云计算 kubelet组件简介 kubernetes 是一个分布式的集群管理系统,在每个节点(node)上都要运行一个 worker 对容器进行生命周期的管理,这个 w...

云计算 kubelet组件简介 kubernetes 是一个分布式的集群管理系统,在每个节点(node)上都要运行一个 worker 对容器进行生命周期的管理,这个 worker 程序就是 kubelet kubelet 的主要功能就是定时从某个地方获取节点上 pod/container 的期望状态(运行什么容器、运行的副本数量、网络或者存储如何配置等等),并调用对应的容器平台接口达到这个状态。 kubelet组件特性 定时汇报当前节点的状态给 apiserver,以供调度的时候使用 镜像和容器的清理工作,保证节点上镜像不会占满磁盘空间,退出的容器不会占用太多资源 运行 HTTP Server,对外提供节点和 pod 信息,如果在 debug 模式下,还包括调试信息 等等... kubelet 主要功能 Pod 管理 容器健康检查 容器监控 kube-proxy组件介绍 在 node节点上实现 Pod网络代理,维护网络规划和四层负载均衡工作 实验部署 实验环境 Master01:192.168.80.12 Node01:192.168.80.13 Node02:192.168.80.14 本篇实验部署是接上篇文章master节点部署继续部署,实验环境不变,本篇文章主要是部署node节点中kubelet组件与kube-proxy组件 kubelet组件部署 master01服务器操作

[root@master01 k8s]# cd /root/k8s/kubernetes/server/bin     //进入之前解压好的软件命令目录
[root@master01 bin]# ls
apiextensions-apiserver              kube-apiserver.docker_tag           kube-proxy
cloud-controller-manager             kube-apiserver.tar                  kube-proxy.docker_tag
cloud-controller-manager.docker_tag  kube-controller-manager             kube-proxy.tar
cloud-controller-manager.tar         kube-controller-manager.docker_tag  kube-scheduler
hyperkube                            kube-controller-manager.tar         kube-scheduler.docker_tag
kubeadm                              kubectl                             kube-scheduler.tar
kube-apiserver                       kubelet                             mounter
[root@master01 bin]# scp kubelet kube-proxy root@192.168.80.13:/opt/kubernetes/bin/   //把 kubelet、 kube-proxy拷贝到node节点上去
root@192.168.80.13's password:
kubelet                                                                    100%  168MB  91.4MB/s   00:01
kube-proxy                                                                 100%   48MB  71.8MB/s   00:00
[root@master01 bin]# scp kubelet kube-proxy root@192.168.80.14:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
root@192.168.80.14's password:
kubelet                                                                    100%  168MB 122.5MB/s   00:01
kube-proxy                                                                 100%   48MB  95.2MB/s   00:00
[root@master01 bin]# scp /mnt/node.zip root@192.168.80.13:/root     //将宿主机挂载的压缩文件拷贝到node01节点
root@192.168.80.13's password:
node.zip                                                                   100% 1240     4.1KB/s     00:00
node01节点操作
[root@node01 ~]# ls
anaconda-ks.cfg  flannel.sh  flannel-v0.10.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz  node.zip  README.md
[root@node01 ~]# unzip node.zip        //解压压缩包
Archive:  node.zip
inflating: proxy.sh
inflating: kubelet.sh

master01节点操作

[root@master01 bin]# cd /root/k8s/
[root@master01 k8s]# mkdir kubeconfig          //创建配置文件目录
[root@master01 k8s]# cd kubeconfig
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# cp /mnt/kubeconfig.sh /root/k8s/kubeconfig/      //拷贝脚本到配置文件目录
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# mv kubeconfig.sh kubeconfig                  //更名
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# vim kubeconfig              //编辑文件
# 创建 TLS Bootstrapping Token
#BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=$(head -c 16 /dev/urandom | od -An -t x | tr -d ' ')
BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=0fb61c46f8991b718eb38d27b605b008

cat > token.csv <<EOF
${BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN},kubelet-bootstrap,10001,"system:kubelet-bootstrap"
EOF
//删除此部分内容
...
:wq
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# cat /opt/kubernetes/cfg/token.csv        //查看token文件获取序列号即可
c37758077defd4033bfe95a071689272,kubelet-bootstrap,10001,"system:kubelet-bootstrap"
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# vim kubeconfig
...
# 设置客户端认证参数
kubectl config set-credentials kubelet-bootstrap \
--token=c37758077defd4033bfe95a071689272 \            //修改为tokenID 将变量更改为获取的序列号
--kubeconfig=bootstrap.kubeconfig
...
:wq
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# vim /etc/profile               //编辑文件设置环境变量
...
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
:wq
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# source /etc/profile           //重新执行文件
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl get cs               //查看群集状态,确认群集正常
NAME                 STATUS    MESSAGE             ERROR
scheduler            Healthy   ok
controller-manager   Healthy   ok
etcd-0               Healthy   {"health":"true"}
etcd-1               Healthy   {"health":"true"}
etcd-2               Healthy   {"health":"true"}
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# bash kubeconfig 192.168.80.12 /root/k8s/k8s-cert/   //使用命令生成配置文件
Cluster "kubernetes" set.
User "kubelet-bootstrap" set.
Context "default" created.
Switched to context "default".
Cluster "kubernetes" set.
User "kube-proxy" set.
Context "default" created.
Switched to context "default".
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# ls
bootstrap.kubeconfig  kubeconfig  kube-proxy.kubeconfig         //生成两个配置文件
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# scp bootstrap.kubeconfig kube-proxy.kubeconfig root@192.168.80.13:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/                //将生成的配置文件拷贝到node节点中
root@192.168.80.13's password:
bootstrap.kubeconfig                                                       100% 2167     1.1MB/s   00:00
kube-proxy.kubeconfig                                                      100% 6269     7.1MB/s   00:00
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# scp bootstrap.kubeconfig kube-proxy.kubeconfig root@192.168.80.14:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/
root@192.168.80.14's password:
bootstrap.kubeconfig                                                       100% 2167     1.6MB/s   00:00
kube-proxy.kubeconfig                                                      100% 6269     4.5MB/s   00:00
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl create clusterrolebinding kubelet-bootstrap --clusterrole=system:node-bootstrapper --user=kubelet-bootstrap     //创建bootstrap角色赋予权限用于连接apiserver请求签名(关键点)
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kubelet-bootstrap created
node01节点操作
[root@node01 ~]# ls /opt/kubernetes/cfg/         //检查是否成功拷贝
bootstrap.kubeconfig  flanneld  kube-proxy.kubeconfig
[root@node01 ~]# bash kubelet.sh 192.168.80.13           //执行脚本文件生成kubelet的配置文件与启动脚本
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kubelet.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service.
[root@node01 ~]# systemctl status kubelet.service         //查看服务是否启动
● kubelet.service - Kubernetes Kubelet
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since 一 2020-02-10 14:17:12 CST; 1min 45s ago      //成功运行
Main PID: 79678 (kubelet)
Memory: 14.2M
...
master01服务器操作
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl get csr              //查看是否有node01节点请求申请证书
NAME                                                   AGE     REQUESTOR           CONDITION
node-csr-WQGufSR06MTCWv0Neu0AexyqBZ1UgFDM1qdSziNEq_w   3m16s   kubelet-bootstrap   Pending
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl certificate approve  node-csr-WQGufSR06MTCWv0Neu0AexyqBZ1UgFDM1qdSziNEq_w            //同意自签node01节点自签请求
certificatesigningrequest.certificates.k8s.io/node-csr-WQGufSR06MTCWv0Neu0AexyqBZ1UgFDM1qdSziNEq_w approved
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl get csr          //同意后再次查看请求状态
NAME                                                   AGE     REQUESTOR           CONDITION
node-csr-WQGufSR06MTCWv0Neu0AexyqBZ1UgFDM1qdSziNEq_w   4m40s   kubelet-bootstrap   Approved,Issued   //已经被允许加入群集
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl get node      //查看群集节点,成功加入node01节点
NAME            STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
192.168.80.13   Ready    <none>   78s   v1.12.3
node01节点操作
[root@node01 ~]# bash proxy.sh 192.168.80.13     //执行脚本文件,启动kube-proxy服务并生成配置文件
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kube-proxy.service to /usr/lib/ systemd/system/kube-proxy.service.
[root@node01 ~]# systemctl status kube-proxy.service     //查看服务是否启动
● kube-proxy.service - Kubernetes Proxy
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since 一 2020-02-10 14:23:59 CST; 1min 2s ago   //成功启动
Main PID: 80889 (kube-proxy)
...
[root@node01 ~]# scp -r /opt/kubernetes/ root@192.168.80.14:/opt/    //把现成的/opt/kubernetes目录复制到node02节点进行修改即可
The authenticity of host '192.168.80.14 (192.168.80.14)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:Ih0NpZxfLb+MOEFW8B+ZsQ5R8Il2Sx8dlNov632cFlo.
ECDSA key fingerprint is MD5:a9:ee:e5:cc:40:c7:9e:24:5b:c1:cd:c1:7b:31:42:0f.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.80.14' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root@192.168.80.14's password:
flanneld                                                                   100%  235   139.5KB/s   00:00
bootstrap.kubeconfig                                                       100% 2167     4.6MB/s   00:00
kube-proxy.kubeconfig                                                      100% 6269    14.2MB/s   00:00
kubelet                                                                    100%  377   430.7KB/s   00:00
kubelet.config                                                             100%  267   262.3KB/s   00:00
kubelet.kubeconfig                                                         100% 2296     3.3MB/s   00:00
kube-proxy                                                                 100%  189   299.2KB/s   00:00
mk-docker-opts.sh                                                          100% 2139     2.3MB/s   00:00
scp: /opt//kubernetes/bin/flanneld: Text file busy
kubelet                                                                    100%  168MB 134.1MB/s   00:01
kube-proxy                                                                 100%   48MB 129.8MB/s   00:00
kubelet.crt                                                                100% 2185     3.3MB/s   00:00
kubelet.key                                                                100% 1675     2.8MB/s   00:00
kubelet-client-2020-02-10-14-21-18.pem                                     100% 1273   608.4KB/s   00:00
kubelet-client-current.pem                                                 100% 1273   404.9KB/s   00:00
[root@node01 ~]# scp /usr/lib/systemd/system/{kubelet,kube-proxy}.service root@192.168.80.14:/usr/lib/systemd/system/          //把kubelet,kube-proxy的service文件拷贝到node2中
root@192.168.80.14's password:
kubelet.service                                                            100%  264   350.1KB/s   00:00
kube-proxy.service                                                         100%  231   341.5KB/s    00:00
node02上操作
[root@node02 ~]# cd /opt/kubernetes/ssl/    //进入node01节点拷贝过来的证书目录
[root@node02 ssl]# rm -rf *               //删除证书,稍后我们在重新申请证书
[root@node02 ssl]# cd ../cfg/              //进入配置文件目录
[root@node02 cfg]# vim kubelet            //修改文件
KUBELET_OPTS="--logtostderr=true \
--v=4 \
--hostname-override=192.168.80.14 \        //修改IP地址
--kubeconfig=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/kubelet.kubeconfig \
--bootstrap-kubeconfig=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/bootstrap.kubeconfig \
--config=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/kubelet.config \
--cert-dir=/opt/kubernetes/ssl \
--pod-infra-container-image=registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google-containers/pause-amd64:3.0"
:wq
[root@node02 cfg]# vim kubelet.config      //修改配置文件
kind: KubeletConfiguration
apiVersion: kubelet.config.k8s.io/v1beta1
address: 192.168.80.14                       //修改IP地址
port: 10250
readOnlyPort: 10255
cgroupDriver: cgroupfs
clusterdns:
- 10.0.0.2
clusterDomain: cluster.local.
failSwapOn: false
authentication:
anonymous:
enabled: true
:wq
[root@node02 cfg]# vim kube-proxy       //修改kube-proxy配置文件
KUBE_PROXY_OPTS="--logtostderr=true \
--v=4 \
--hostname-override=192.168.80.14 \      //修改IP地址
--cluster-cidr=10.0.0.0/24 \
--proxy-mode=ipvs \
--kubeconfig=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/kube-proxy.kubeconfig"
:wq
[root@node02 cfg]# systemctl start kubelet.service       //启动服务
[root@node02 cfg]# systemctl enable kubelet.service      //设置开机自启
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kubelet.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service.
[root@node02 cfg]# systemctl start kube-proxy.service     //启动服务
[root@node02 cfg]# systemctl enable kube-proxy.service    //设置开机自启
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kube-proxy.service to /usr/lib/ systemd/system/kube-proxy.service.
master01节点操作
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl get csr       //查看node节点请求
NAME                                                   AGE     REQUESTOR           CONDITION
node-csr-WQGufSR06MTCWv0Neu0AexyqBZ1UgFDM1qdSziNEq_w   22m     kubelet-bootstrap   Approved,Issued
node-csr-jUI3h8Ae2tC5OmihpylXEVlMiJnNO117Z1OgpopxAA0   4m54s   kubelet-bootstrap   Pending    //等待集群给该节点颁发证书
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl certificate approve node-csr-jUI3h8Ae2tC5OmihpylXEVlMiJnNO117Z1OgpopxAA0       //使用命令授权许可加入群集
certificatesigningrequest.certificates.k8s.io/node-csr-jUI3h8Ae2tC5OmihpylXEVlMiJnNO117Z1OgpopxAA0 approved
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl get csr    //再次查看node节点请求
NAME                                                   AGE     REQUESTOR           CONDITION
node-csr-WQGufSR06MTCWv0Neu0AexyqBZ1UgFDM1qdSziNEq_w   23m     kubelet-bootstrap   Approved,Issued
node-csr-jUI3h8Ae2tC5OmihpylXEVlMiJnNO117Z1OgpopxAA0   5m58s   kubelet-bootstrap   Approved,Issued   //成功加入
[root@master01 kubeconfig]# kubectl get node    //查看群集中的节点
NAME            STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
192.168.80.13   Ready    <none>   20m   v1.12.3
192.168.80.14   Ready    <none>   76s   v1.12.3   //成功加入节点
node节点部署完成

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