11.22 访问日志不记录静态文件

  • 作者:未知
  • 来源:
  • 2018-05-04 11:04:09

访问日志不记录指定类型的文件目录概要 网站大多元素为静态文件,如图片、css、js等,这些元素可以不用记录 把虚拟主机配置文件改成如下: <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/www.123.com" Ser...

访问日志不记录指定类型的文件目录概要 网站大多元素为静态文件,如图片、css、js等,这些元素可以不用记录 把虚拟主机配置文件改成如下:

<VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/www.123.com" ServerName www.123.com ServerAlias 123.com SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.gif$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.jpg$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.png$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.bmp$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.swf$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.js$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.css$" img CustomLog "logs/123.com-access_log" combined env=!img </VirtualHost> 重新加载配置文件 -t, graceful mkdir /data/wwwroot/www.123.com/images //创建目录,并在这目录下上传一个图片 curl -x127.0.0.1:80 -I 123.com/images/123.jpg tail /usr/local/apache2.4/logs/123.com-access_log 访问日志不记录指定类型的文件

timg.jpg

浏览器可以查看到页面元素,按 F12 查看页面元素内容,它默认定位在Network。如果不是在Network,就去选择下Network,然后刷新下网页,会看到如图

会看到右侧出现很多的元素,每一行都表示一个元素,这些请求,这些访问都会记录到访问日志里面去的,但实际上没有必须记录一些图片、css、js等元素,而这些请求都会记录到日志文件里,就会导致每天的日志访问量很大,对之后的运维很不方便,所以就有了需求,对于静态的元素的uri 不进行记录

排除图片、css、js等,拷贝配置文件到服务器里面

需要拷贝的配置文件

<VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/www.123.com" ServerName www.123.com ServerAlias 123.com SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.gif$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.jpg$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.png$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.bmp$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.swf$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.js$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.css$" img CustomLog "logs/123.com-access_log" combined env=!img </VirtualHost> 打开虚拟主机配置文件 vim /usr/local/apache2.4/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf 未更改前

<VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/abc.com" ServerName abc.com ServerAlias www.abc.com www.123.com ErrorLog "logs/abc.com-error_log" CustomLog "logs/abc.com-access_log" common </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/111.com" ServerName 111.com ServerAlias www.example.com 2111.com.cn # <Directory /data/wwwroot/111.com> # <FilesMatch 123.php> # AllowOverride AuthConfig # AuthName "111.com user auth" # AuthType Basic # AuthUserFile /data/.htpasswd # require valid-user # </FilesMatch> #</Directory> <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^111.com$ RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://111.com/$1 [R=301,L] </IfModule> ErrorLog "logs/111.com-error_log" CustomLog "logs/111.com-access_log" combined </VirtualHost> 更改后的配置文件,在 ErrorLog 下一行插入

[root@hf-01 ~]# vim /usr/local/apache2.4/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/abc.com" ServerName abc.com ServerAlias www.abc.com www.123.com ErrorLog "logs/abc.com-error_log" CustomLog "logs/abc.com-access_log" common </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/111.com" ServerName 111.com ServerAlias www.example.com 2111.com.cn # <Directory /data/wwwroot/111.com> # <FilesMatch 123.php> # AllowOverride AuthConfig # AuthName "111.com user auth" # AuthType Basic # AuthUserFile /data/.htpasswd # require valid-user # </FilesMatch> #</Directory> <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^111.com$ RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://111.com/$1 [R=301,L] </IfModule> ErrorLog "logs/111.com-error_log" SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.gif$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.jpg$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.png$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.bmp$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.swf$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.js$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.css$" img CustomLog "logs/111.com-access_log" combined env=!img </VirtualHost> 并保存退出 相当于定义了一个环境 img 是一个标签、一个变量,可以自定义,可以是任意字符 定义”..gif$”、”..jpg$”、”..png$”、”..bmp$”、”..swf$”、”..js$”、”.*.css$”;这些都是 img env=!img 表示 env非 img 类型的都进行日志记录 在设置好配置文件后,先不加载配置文件,先做一个测验

[root@hf-01 ~]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 111.com/asdasdsaf.jpg -I HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found Date: Thu, 21 Dec 2017 15:35:14 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.29 (Unix) PHP/7.1.6 Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1 [root@hf-01 ~]# 在访问这样的请求,不管是404,还是200都会记录日志

[root@hf-01 ~]# !tail tail -5 /usr/local/apache2.4/logs/111.com-access_log 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:25 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:32 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:55:08 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:22:04:27 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "http://ask.apelearn.com/question/17687" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 127.0.0.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:23:35:14 +0800] "HEAD HTTP://111.com/asdasdsaf.jpg HTTP/1.1" 404 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" [root@hf-01 ~]# 然后在检查配置文件语法,并重新加载配置文件

[root@hf-01 ~]# /usr/local/apache2.4/bin/apachectl -t Syntax OK [root@hf-01 ~]# /usr/local/apache2.4/bin/apachectl graceful [root@hf-01 ~]# 这时再来curl访问,会发现日志中没有记录

[root@hf-01 ~]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 111.com/asdasdsaf.jpg -I HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found Date: Thu, 21 Dec 2017 15:39:35 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.29 (Unix) PHP/7.1.6 Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1 [root@hf-01 ~]# tail -5 /usr/local/apache2.4/logs/111.com-access_log 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:25 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:32 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:55:08 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:22:04:27 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "http://ask.apelearn.com/question/17687" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 127.0.0.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:23:35:14 +0800] "HEAD HTTP://111.com/asdasdsaf.jpg HTTP/1.1" 404 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" [root@hf-01 ~]# 只要是gif、jpg、png、bmp、swf、js的都不会在日志中有记录 本地上传图片并访问 进入到在/data/wwwroot/111.com目录下

[root@hf-01 ~]# cd /data/wwwroot/111.com [root@hf-01 111.com]# ls 123.php index.php 并上传一张图片到该目录下

[root@hf-01 111.com]# rz [root@hf-01 111.com]# ls 123.php index.php QQ111.jpg [root@hf-01 111.com]# 用curl命令查看图片,会发现图片是能访问的

[root@hf-01 111.com]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 111.com/QQ111.jpg -I HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Thu, 21 Dec 2017 15:50:24 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.29 (Unix) PHP/7.1.6 Last-Modified: Mon, 04 Dec 2017 03:56:48 GMT ETag: "da7f-55f7bb520e000" Accept-Ranges: bytes Content-Length: 55935 Content-Type: image/jpeg [root@hf-01 111.com]# 在浏览器访问网页图片,会发现图片是能访问的

查看日志文件,会发现日志文件中没有记录图片的日志,这个就是因为定义了日志标签

[root@hf-01 111.com]# tail -5 /usr/local/apache2.4/logs/111.com-access_log 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:25 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:32 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:55:08 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:22:04:27 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "http://ask.apelearn.com/question/17687" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 127.0.0.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:23:35:14 +0800] "HEAD HTTP://111.com/asdasdsaf.jpg HTTP/1.1" 404 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" [root@hf-01 111.com]# 这时去掉虚拟主机配置文件中的env=!img ,在用浏览器浏览图片,在curl命令访问图片

[root@hf-01 111.com]# vim /usr/local/apache2.4/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf 更改后 <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/abc.com" ServerName abc.com ServerAlias www.abc.com www.123.com ErrorLog "logs/abc.com-error_log" CustomLog "logs/abc.com-access_log" common </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/111.com" ServerName 111.com ServerAlias www.example.com 2111.com.cn # <Directory /data/wwwroot/111.com> # <FilesMatch 123.php> # AllowOverride AuthConfig # AuthName "111.com user auth" # AuthType Basic # AuthUserFile /data/.htpasswd # require valid-user # </FilesMatch> #</Directory> <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^111.com$ RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://111.com/$1 [R=301,L] </IfModule> ErrorLog "logs/111.com-error_log" SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.gif$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.jpg$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.png$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.bmp$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.swf$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.js$" img SetEnvIf Request_URI ".*.css$" img CustomLog "logs/111.com-access_log" combined </VirtualHost> 这时再来刷新浏览器访问图片,用curl访问图片

[root@hf-01 111.com]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 111.com/QQ111.jpg -I HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Thu, 21 Dec 2017 16:02:57 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.29 (Unix) PHP/7.1.6 Last-Modified: Mon, 04 Dec 2017 03:56:48 GMT ETag: "da7f-55f7bb520e000" Accept-Ranges: bytes Content-Length: 55935 Content-Type: image/jpeg [root@hf-01 111.com]# 查看日志文件,会发现日志文件有记录存在

[root@hf-01 111.com]# tail -5 /usr/local/apache2.4/logs/111.com-access_log 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:25 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:51:32 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 192.168.202.130 - - [21/Dec/2017:21:55:08 +0800] "HEAD http://111.com/123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" 192.168.202.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:22:04:27 +0800] "GET /123.php HTTP/1.1" 200 7 "http://ask.apelearn.com/question/17687" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/49.0.2623.221 Safari/537.36 SE 2.X MetaSr 1.0" 127.0.0.1 - - [21/Dec/2017:23:35:14 +0800] "HEAD HTTP://111.com/asdasdsaf.jpg HTTP/1.1" 404 - "-" "curl/7.29.0" [root@hf-01 111.com]# 这时在到虚拟主机配置文件中加上env=!img ,并重新加载配置文件,在刷新图片,会看到日志文件中并没有记录日志 日志文件不记录总结 若是不去做一个限制,那么每一次请求都会记录到日志文件,日志文件就会变得越来越大,这样不仅会消耗磁盘空间,还会耗费磁盘i/o,而且这些文件毫无意义,所以需要做一个限制

免责声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,也不承认相关法律责任。如果您发现本社区中有涉嫌抄袭的内容,请发送邮件至:operations@xinnet.com进行举报,并提供相关证据,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。

免费咨询获取折扣